4 Important Details about Anesthesia Management

Proper anesthesia management plays a critical role in patient health and recovery rates. Below introduces four important facts about managing anesthesia.

Life vs. Death
Anesthesia management directly contributes to severe morbidity and mortality rates. Controlled case-studies have revealed that the death rate of post-anesthetic patients are approximately eight percent out of every 10,000 patients. There are specific things that anthologists can do to reduce these risks. For example, protocol checklist and equipment checks reduce the risks of anesthesia. Human resource limitations also impact mortality rates because having immediately available anesthesiologists and anesthetic nurses reduces risks. Having two anesthesia professionals present lowers patient risks. Research also shows that change anesthesiologists during anesthesia procedures slightly raises risks. When anesthesiologists are forced to use epidural or intramuscular muscle relaxants and pain medications after surgeries, this also slightly raise the mortality risks for patients.

Anesthesiologist Training
Nurse anesthetists are considered to be advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). These individuals must earn a master’s degree, pass a national certification exam and maintain RN licensure in their state. Nurse anesthetists typically enroll in programs that include both practical clinical experience and hands-on classroom coursework, which includes classes in advanced anatomy and pharmacology. Most Nurse anesthetists have a bachelor’s of science in nursing (BSN). Nurse anesthetists, surgical nurses and nurse midwives who want to become official anesthesiologists must earn an undergraduate degree and a medical degree. Anesthesiologists must successfully complete a four-year anesthesiology residency program. Many anesthesiologists voluntarily choose to complete a one-year specialty fellowship, such as in critical care medicine or pain management, to increase their job marketability and competitiveness.

Who are the Most Skilled Anesthesiologists?
According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), physician anesthesiologists are highly competent medical doctors who receive considerably longer and more intense training than regular anesthesiologists. Physician anesthesiologists are involved in every stage of patient care. They are responsible for the health and well-being of their patients before, during and after surgeries. Sometimes, they must place their patients in a state of controlled unconsciousness, referred to as general anesthesia, and sometimes they only have to localize a specific area of the body, which is referred to as regional anesthesia. Senior physician anesthesiologists supervise a team of anesthesia health care professionals.

Factual Details
Even though millions of people undergo surgeries that involve anesthesia, most people are unaware of the potential side effects. For example, general anesthesia blocks pain and causes relaxation, but also may cause temporary amnesia. Studies have shown that inhaling anesthetics cause changes in the brain cells of animals which are similar to the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Specif8cally, anesthetics harm a certain type of brain cell that helps memory and learning functions. With human patients, it may take up to a few days before certain patients cognitively recover from anesthesia induced surgery. Additionally, older patients who are given anesthesia may face up to a 30 percent increased risk of developing dementia. As mentioned above, anesthesia causes the inflammation of neural tissues which may result in minor changes in mental capacities.

Anesthesia has excellent medical benefits, but there are also unknown potential cognitive side effects.